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Hiroshima Dome The Global Collaborative on
Denuclearization Design
to achieve and sustain Zero Nuclear Weapons
1st H-Bomb Test [1952]
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CHRONOLOGY 2011

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FEBRUARY 2011



2011.02.05    Saturday
The New START treaty entered into force on 5 February 2011. US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov exchanged the instruments of ratification in Munich.



•  US Department of State. Bureau of Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance.
“New START”. 2011.02.05. This page contains links to the treaty text and other documents, including the US and Russian unilateral statements (interpretations and conditions). To reach links to the components of the treaty (text, protocol, and three annexes go to Treaty Text [Links] or the citations below.

•  US Department of State. New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START). TEXT. Signed 2010.04.08. Ratified 2011.02.05. Entry Into Force (EIF) 2011.02.05.
•  US Department of State. New START Treaty. Annex on Inspection Activities. 2010.04.08.
•  US Department of State. New START Treaty. Annex on Notifications. 2010.04.08.
•  US Department of State. New START Treaty. Annex on Telemetric Activities. 2010.04.08.
•  US Department of State. Fact Sheet and Chronology. 2011.-02.05.
•  US Department of State. Bureau of Verification, Compliance, and Implementation. Fact Sheet. “Central Warhead and Delivery Vehicle Limits of the New START Treaty”. 2010.04.08.

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MARCH 2011



2011.03.11    Friday
As a consequence of an earthquake and tsunami in the early afternoon, the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, on Japan’s Atlantic coast, began to lose integrity. In the hours and days that followed efforts to control a reactor and spent fuel ponds failed. Dangerous radioactive isotopes contaminated the region around the plant, and there was significant run of contaminated water into the nearby ocean.

Some states reconsidered whether to build planned nuclear plants. Nuclear regulators throughout the world focused on existing and proposed nuclear plant designs. Prior projections of reliance on nuclear to generate electricity, avoiding greenhouse gas emissions, were immediately in doubt. A series of studies documented design and response failures, but as parts of the plant remained inaccessible such studies were not the last word. Press reports suggested it might take 40 years before the plant was thoroughly decommissioned and the site abandoned.

•  On the dribble of increasingly grave reports, see for example The New York Times, Hiroko Tabuchi and Keith Bradsher, “Japan Says 2nd Reactor May Have Ruptured With Radioactive Release,” 15 March 2011.
•  Executive Summary of the “Interim Report of the Investigation Committee on the Accident at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Stations of Tokyo Electric Power Company,”
http://icanps.go.jp/eng/, 26 December 2011. [As of 2 January 2012 an English translation of the full Interim Report had not been posted.]
•  Hiroko Tabuchi, “Japan Panel Cites Failure in Tsunami,” The New York Times, 26 December 2011. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/27/world/asia/
report-condemns-japans-response-to-nuclear-accident.html


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CHRONOLOGY 2012

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OCTOBER 2012

2012.10.29    Monday
Agence France Presse reported remarks of UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, speaking in Seoul:

“Some say nuclear disarmament is utopian… I say the illusion is that nuclear weapons provide security,””Ban said . . . Stressing the inability of nuclear weapons to defend against the threats of crime, terror and disease, the secretary general argued that their inherently “destabilising” presence was unwarranted in the post-Cold War era.

“How, then, do we explain that… amidst a global financial crisis, the nuclear-weapon states seem intent on modernising their arsenals for decades to come?

“And more broadly, how can we justify global military spending that last year was twice as much in a day as the UN spent on all its activities the whole year?” he said.

•  Agence France Presse, Express Tribune [Pakistan], 2012.10.29.
http://tribune.com.pk/story/457758/un-chief-renews-nuclear-disarmament-plea/
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NOVEMBER 2012
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DECEMBER 2012

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CHRONOLOGY 2013

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JANUARY 2013



2013.01.18    Friday
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the Center for Nonproliferation Studies in Monterey, California. He began by recalling that in early in his tenure he had launched “a five-point plan on nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation.” In today’s remarks he would review achievement and challenges. Excerpts (partially reformatted

“I will focus on five linked and mutually reinforcing points – accountability; the rule of law; partnerships; the role of the Security Council; and education. ... As I look at the disarmament landscape, my feelings are mixed.

“ nuclear disarmament progress is off track. Delay comes with a high price tag. The longer we procrastinate, the greater the risk that these weapons will be used, will proliferate or be acquired by terrorists. But our aim must be more than keeping the deadliest of weapons from “falling into the wrong hands”. There are no right hands for wrong weapons. This brings me to my first point: accountability. Each Member State needs to uphold its commitments. ...

*#147; Deferring nuclear disarmament indefinitely pending the satisfaction of an endlessly growing list of preconditions can lead only to a world full of nuclear weapons. I want to stress the special responsibility of the nuclear-armed States. I also encourage nuclear-weapon-States to come up with a bold set of measures to promote transparency of their nuclear arsenals.

“ Member States also need to reinvigorate the international disarmament machinery. When I spoke to the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva I said plainly that the very credibility of the body is at risk. The Conference’s record of achievement is overshadowed by inertia that has now lasted for more than a decade. That must change. Another year of stalemate in the Conference on Disarmament is simply unacceptable. The Conference should start long-overdue negotiations on a fissile material treaty as a priority. It should also start deliberations on a nuclear weapons convention, a legal security assurance for non-nuclear weapon States against nuclear threats, and the prevention of an arms race in outer space.

•  Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. “ ”. James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies, Monterey, California. http://www.un.org/apps/news/infocus/sgspeeches/statments_full.asp?statID=1749#.UQVQBqUmQoQ 2013.01.18.

•  Ban Ki-moon, “The United Nations and Security in a Nuclear-Weapon-Free World”, as delivered, New York. http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2008/sgsm11881.doc.htm 2008.10.24.

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OCTOBER 2013

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NOVEMBER 2013

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DECEMBER 2013

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