UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the Center for Nonproliferation Studies in Monterey, California. He began by recalling that in early in his tenure he had launched a five-point plan on nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation. In todays remarks he would review achievement and challenges. Excerpts (partially reformatted
I will focus on five linked and mutually reinforcing points – accountability; the rule of law; partnerships; the role of the Security Council; and education. ... As I look at the disarmament landscape, my feelings are mixed.
nuclear disarmament progress is off track. Delay comes with a high price tag. The longer we procrastinate, the greater the risk that these weapons will be used, will proliferate or be acquired by terrorists. But our aim must be more than keeping the deadliest of weapons from “falling into the wrong hands”. There are no right hands for wrong weapons. This brings me to my first point: accountability. Each Member State needs to uphold its commitments. ...
*#147; Deferring nuclear disarmament indefinitely pending the satisfaction of an endlessly growing list of preconditions can lead only to a world full of nuclear weapons. I want to stress the special responsibility of the nuclear-armed States. I also encourage nuclear-weapon-States to come up with a bold set of measures to promote transparency of their nuclear arsenals.
Member States also need to reinvigorate the international disarmament machinery. When I spoke to the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva I said plainly that the very credibility of the body is at risk. The Conferences record of achievement is overshadowed by inertia that has now lasted for more than a decade. That must change. Another year of stalemate in the Conference on Disarmament is simply unacceptable. The Conference should start long-overdue negotiations on a fissile material treaty as a priority. It should also start deliberations on a nuclear weapons convention, a legal security assurance for non-nuclear weapon States against nuclear threats, and the prevention of an arms race in outer space.
• Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. . James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies, Monterey, California. http://www.un.org/apps/news/infocus/sgspeeches/statments_full.asp?statID=1749#.UQVQBqUmQoQ 2013.01.18.
• Ban Ki-moon, The United Nations and Security in a Nuclear-Weapon-Free World, as delivered, New York. http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2008/sgsm11881.doc.htm 2008.10.24.
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), concerning Iranian nuclear capabilities, was issued on 2015.07.14. The Preface begins:
The E3/EU+3 (China, France, Germany, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States, with the High Representative of the European Union for
Foreign Affairs and Security Policy) and the Islamic Republic of Iran welcome this
historic Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), which will ensure that Iran’s
nuclear programme will be exclusively peaceful, and mark a fundamental shift in
their approach to this issue. They anticipate that full implementation of this JCPOA
will positively contribute to regional and international peace and security. Iran
reaffirms that under no circumstances will Iran ever seek, develop or acquire any
The JCPOA establishes in Annex V a timetable for steps to be taken, in effect a framework for implementation. It is best understood by following the JCPOA text in detail, with special attention to these roadmarks:
A. Finalisation Day
2. Upon conclusion of the negotiations of this JCPOA ...
B. Adoption Day
6. Adoption Day will occur 90 days after the endorsement of this JCPOA by the UN Security Council ... at which point this JCPOA comes into effect.
C. Implementation Day
14. Implementation Day will occur upon the IAEA-verified implementation by Iran of the nuclear-related measures described ...
[Note that ¶s 14-18 specify steps to be taken from Implementation Day.]
D. Transition Day
19. Transition Day will occur 8 years from Adoption Day or upon a report from the Director
General of the IAEA to the IAEA Board of Governors and in parallel to the UN Security
Council stating that the IAEA has reached the Broader Conclusion that all nuclear
material in Iran remains in peaceful activities, whichever is earlier. ...
E. UNSCR Termination Day
23. UNSCR (UN Security Council resolution) Termination Day will occur in accordance with the terms of the UN Security Council resolution endorsing the JCPOA, which is 10 years from Adoption Day, provided that the provisions of previous resolutions have not been reinstated. ...
United States. Department of State. Links to the full text of the JCPOA.
The Washington Post, full text of the JCPOA. [pdf]